SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT JOURNAL

An official journal of Viet Nam National University Ho Chi Minh City, Viet Nam since 1998

Natural Sciences - Research article

Open Access

Abstract

The negative-binomial sum is an extension of a geometric sum. It has been arisen from the necessity to resolve practical problems in telecommunications, network analysis, stochastic finance and insurance mathematics, etc. Up to the present, the topics related to negative-binomial sums like asymptotic distributions and rates of convergence have been investigated by many mathematicians. However, in a lot of various situations, the results concerned the rates of convergence for negative-binomial sums are still restrictive. The main purpose of this paper is to establish some weak limit theorems for negative-binomial sums of independent, identically distributed (i.i.d.) random variables via Gnedenko's Transfer Theorem originated by Gnedenko and Fahim (1969). Using Zolotarev's probability metric, the rate of convergence in weak limit theorems for negativebinomial sum are established. The received results are the rates of convergence in weak limit theorem for partial sum of i.i.d random variables related to symmetric stable distribution (Theorem 1), and asymptotic distribution together with the convergence rates for negative-binomial sums of i.i.d. random variables concerning to symmetric Linnik laws and Generalized Linnik distribution (Theorem 2 and Theorem 3). Based on the results of this paper, the analogous results for geometric sums of i.i.d. random variables will be concluded as direct consequences. However, the article has just been solved for the case of 1 <a < 2; it is quite hard to estimate in the case of a 2 (0;1) via the Zolotarev's probability metric.

Mathematics Subject Classification 2010: 60G50; 60F05; 60E07.

Introduction

We follow the notations used in . A random variable is said to have negative-binomial distribution with two parameters an d , if its probability mass function is given in form

Let be a sequence of independent, identically distributed (i.i.d.) random variables, independent of Then, the sum

is called negative-binomial sum . It is easily seen that when the negative-binomial sum reduces to a geometric sum (see , and ).

It is well-known that the topics related to negative-binomial sums have become the interesting research objects in probability theory. It has many applications in telecommunications, network analysis, stochastic finance and insurance mathematics, etc . Recently, problems concerning with negative-binomial sums have been investigated by Vellaisamy and Upadhye (2009), Yakumiv (2011), Sunklodas (2015), Sheeja and Kumar (2017), Giang and Hung (2018), Omair et al . (2018), Hung and Hau (2018), etc . (see , , , , , , ). In many situations, some problems on the negative-binomial sums have not been fully studied yet, therefore its applications are still restrictive.

Therefore, the main aim of article is to establish weak limit theorems for normalized negative-binomial sums via Gnedenkoâ€™s Transfer Theorem (see for more details), where and for any Moreover, using Zolotarevâ€™s probability metric, the rate of convergence in weak limit theorem for normalized negative-binomial sum will be estimated. It is clear that corresponding results for normalized geometric sums of i.i.d. random variables will be concluded when

From now on, the symbols and denote the convergence in distribution and equality in distribution, respectively. The set of real numbers is denoted by and we will denote by the set of natural numbers.

PRELIMINARIES

We denote by the set of random variables defined on a probability space and denote by the set of all real-valued, bounded, uniformly continuous functions defined on with norm . Moreover, for any and let us set

and

where is derivative function of order of Then, the Zolotarevâ€™s probability metric will be recalled as follows

Definition 1. ( , , ). Let Zolotarevâ€™s probability metric on between two random variables and is defined by

Let and Zolotarev's probability metric of order 2 is defined by

where and

We shall use following properties of Zolotarev's probability metric in the next sections (see , , ).

1. Zolotarev's probability metric is an ideal metric of order , i.e ., for any we have

and with is independent of and we get

2. If as then as

3. Let and be two independent sequences of i.i.d. random variables (in each sequence). Then, for all

The following lemma states the most important property of Zolotarev's probability metric which will be used in proofs of our results.

Lemma 1. Let with and . The n

where

Proof. For any and by Mean Value Theorem we have

where is between and Moreover, since one has

Hence, we obtain following inequality

Therefore, for all we get

The proof is straight-forward.

In the sequel, we shall recall several well-known distributions which are related to limit distributions of non-randomly sums and negative-binomial sums of i.i.d. random variables.

We follow the notations used in ( , page 204). A random variable is said to have symmetric stable distribution with two parameters and denoted by if its characteristic function is given in form

A random variable is said to have symmetric Linnik distribution with two parameters and denoted by if its characteristic function is given by (see , page 199)

A random variable is said to have G eneralized Linnik distribution with three parameters and denoted by if its characteristic function is given as (see , page 216)

MAIN RESULTS

From now on, let be a fixed natural number, for any, and We first prove the following theorem.

Theorem 1. Let be a sequence of i.i.d. random variables with Assume that and with Then ,

Proof. Let be a sequence of i.i.d. copies of Then, it is clear that

Based on the ideality of order of Zolotarev's probability metric and according to Lemma 1, it follows that

The proof is straightforward.

Remark 1 . Since according to ( , Corollary 5, page 305) then Moreover, based on the finiteness of and , a weak limit theorem for normalized non-random sum will be state d from Theorem 1 as follows

Proposition 1 . Let Then ,

Proof. Since the characteristic function of is given by

Hence, the characteristic function of is defined by

Letting we conclude that

This finishes the proof.

Using Gnedenkoâ€™s Transfer Theorem (see ), a weak limit theorem for negative-binomial sum of i.i.d. random variables will be established as follows

Theorem 2. Let be a sequence of i.i.d. random variables with Let independent o f for all . Then,

where with

Proof. According to Proposition 1, we have

where and the density function of Gamma random variable is defined by

Furthermore, by Theorem 1, one has

where whose characteristic function is given by

On account of Gnedenkoâ€™s Transfer Theorem (see ), it follows that

where is a random variable whose characteristic function is defined by

Let us set then

The proof is immediate.

Next, the rate of convergence in Theorem 2 will be estimated via Zolotarevâ€™s probability metric by the following theorem.

Theorem 3. Let be a sequence of i.i.d. random variables with Assume that independent of for all . Then,

where with

Proof. Let be a sequence of independent, symmetric Linnik distributed random variables with parameters and independent of . Then, the characteristic function of sum is defined by

Hence, the characteristic function of sum will be defined as follows

Thus,

On account of ideality of Zolotarev's probability metric of order it follows that

Since with by Proposition 4.3.18 in ( , page 212), we have

On account of Lemma 1, one has

Therefore,

The proof is complete.

Remark 2 . From Theorem 1, a weak limit theorem for normalized negative-binomial random sum will be stated as follows

Discussions

In some situations, it is quite hard to establish the limiting distributions for negative-binomial sums of i.i.d. random variables. Meanwhile, if the limiting distribution of the partial sum is stated, the limiting distribution of corresponding negative-binomial sum will be established by the Gnedenkoâ€™s Transfer Theorem (see ). Thus, in this paper, the asymptotic behaviors of normalized negative-binomial random sums of i.i.d. random variables have been established via Gnedenkoâ€™s Transfer Theorem (Theorem 2).

Moreover, the mathematical tools have been used in study of convergence rates in limit theorems of probability theory including method of characteristic functions, method of linear operators, method of probability metrics and Steinâ€™s method, etc. Especially, the method of probability metrics is more effective. U sing the Zolotarevâ€™s probability metric, the rates of convergence in weak limit theorem for partial sum and negative-binomial sum of i.i.d. random variables are estimated (Theorem 1 and Theorem 2).

It is worth pointing out that the Zolotarevâ€™s probability metric used in this paper is an ideal metric, so it is easy to estimate approximations concerning random sums of random variables. Furthermore, this metric can be compared with well-known metrics like Kolmogorov metric, total variation metric, LĂ©vy-Prokhorov metric and probability metric based on Trotter operator, etc .

Conclusions

A negative-binomial distributed random variable with two parameters and will reduce a geometric distributed random variable with parameter when . Hence, the analogous results for geometric sums of i.i.d. random variables will be concluded as direct consequences from this paper.

However, the article has just been solved for the case of it is very difficult to estimate in the case of via the Zolotarev's probability metric, but it will be considered in near future. Analogously, we can estimate the rates of convergence for negative-binomial sums of i.i.d. random variables for cases of and .

Competing interests

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.

Authors' Contributions

All authors contributed equally and significantly to this work. All authors drafted the manuscript, read and approved the final version of the manuscript.

Acknowledgments

The authors wish to express gratitude to mathematicians for sending their value published articles.

Uncited References

, ,

All authors contributed equally and significantly to this work. All authors drafted the manuscript, read and approved the final version of the manuscript.

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Author's Affiliation

• Phan Tri Kien

Email I'd for correspondance: phankien@ufm.edu.vn

• Nguyen Tan Nhut

Article Details

Issue: Vol 22 No 4 (2019)
Page No.: 415-421
Published: Jan 28, 2020
Section: Natural Sciences - Research article
DOI:

Copyright: The Authors. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License CC-BY 4.0., which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

How to Cite
Loc Hung, T., Kien, P., & Tan Nhut, N. (2020). Asymptotic behaviors with convergence rates of distributions of negative-binomial sums. Science and Technology Development Journal, 22(4), 415-421. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.32508/stdj.v22i4.1689

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